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Selenium seems to have a lot of different components and the website does not explain them very well and I'm still a bit confused which is which. What's the difference or purpose between:

Selenium IDE Selenium Server Selenium Remote Control WebDriver Selenium 2

My understanding is as follows:

Selenium IDE is a GUI plugin used for rapid prototyping of test cases in Selenese/HTML.

Selenium Builder is a GUI plugin used for rapid prototyping of test cases in Selenium 1 & 2.

Selenium Server is a standalone java program which allows you to run HTML test suites in a range of different browsers, plus extra options like reporting.

Selenium Remote Control is the old name for Selenium Server, which only supports version 1 of the Selenium API.

WebDriver is the actual core API which has bindings in a range of languages and allows you to write standalone tests.

Selenium 2 is the latest version of the Selenium project, and includes the IDE, Server and WebDriver.

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The definitions in your question are all correct. Which of them are confusing to you? –  user246 Aug 9 '11 at 12:21
    
Good to hear, I was just looking to see if I'd go anything wrong. Well, I'm a bit confused about the relationship between the Selenese test cases and a full blown script in WebDriver. Is the Selenese a kind of IDE-only "binding" that references parts of the full WebDriver API? –  persepolis Aug 9 '11 at 12:28
    
For someone with a programming background, I recommend avoiding the IDE entirely and going straight to the Webdriver or Selenium 2 APIs. –  user246 Aug 9 '11 at 21:08
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I don't intend to confuse you but this blog post of mine might help you - seleniumsoftwaretesting.blogspot.com/2011/03/… –  Tarun Aug 25 '11 at 4:34
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1 Answer

Selenese via http://seleniumhq.org/docs/02_selenium_ide.html#selenium-commands-selenese

Selenium commands, often called selenese, are the set of commands that run your tests. A sequence of these commands is a test script. Here we explain those commands in detail, and we present the many choices you have in testing your web application when using Selenium.

Selenium provides a rich set of commands for fully testing your web-app in virtually any way you can imagine. The command set is often called selenese. These commands essentially create a testing language.

Web Driver via http://seleniumhq.org/docs/03_webdriver.html

WebDriver is a tool for automating testing web applications[...] It provides an API which will help make your tests easier to read and maintain. It’s not tied to any particular test framework, so it can be used equally well in a unit testing or from a plain old “main” method.

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