Besides gaining reputation with your questions and answers, you receive badges for being especially helpful. Badges appear on your profile page, flair, and your posts.

Question Badges

First bounty you manually award on another person's question
5 awarded
First bounty you manually award on your own question
20 awarded
Ask a well-received question on 5 separate days, and maintain a positive question record
164 awarded
First bounty you offer on another person's question
10 awarded
Question score of 10 or more
445 awarded
Question with 1,000 views
3.9k awarded
First bounty you offer on your own question
54 awarded
Ask a question and accept an answer
1.8k awarded
First question with score of 1 or more
4k awarded

Answer Badges

Edit and answer 1 question (both actions within 12 hours, answer score > 0)
128 awarded
Answer score of 10 or more
633 awarded
Answer more than 30 days after a question was asked as first answer scoring 2 or more
385 awarded
Answer your own question with score of 3 or more
66 awarded
Answer a question with score of 1 or more
2.9k awarded

Participation Badges

Complete "About Me" section of user profile
13.3k awarded
Visit an election during any phase of an active election and have enough reputation to cast a vote
Leave 10 comments
511 awarded
Earn at least 200 reputation (the daily maximum) in a single day
30 awarded
Followed the Area 51 proposal for this site before it entered the commitment phase
99 awarded
One post with score of 2 on meta
92 awarded
Post 10 messages, with 1 or more starred, in chat
6 awarded

Tag Badges

You must have a total score of 100 in at least 20 non-community wiki answers to achieve this badge.
88 awarded

Moderation Badges

First flagged post
503 awarded
First rollback
63 awarded
First down vote
384 awarded
Complete at least one review task. This badge is awarded once per review type
1.1k awarded
Delete own post with score of 3 or higher
9 awarded
First edit
2.8k awarded
Edit first post that was inactive for 6 months
229 awarded
First retag
234 awarded
Delete own post with score of -3 or lower
19 awarded
Approve or reject 100 suggested edits
22 awarded
Use 30 votes in a day
73 awarded
First up vote
6.4k awarded
First approved tag synonym
5 awarded
First tag wiki edit
84 awarded
Use the maximum 40 votes in a day
49 awarded

Other Badges

Share a link to a post later visited by 25 unique IP addresses
81 awarded
Read the entire tour page
3.5k awarded

Retired Badges

Visited every section of the FAQ
78 awarded
Asked a question with zero score, no answers, no comments, and low views for a week
686 awarded