I'm new to selenium and HTML. I want to perform click operation for the elements "Users" and "Admins" as one after another. Below mentioned is the HTML code, unfortunately I can't modify it.

<ul id="nav">
<li class="">
    <a class="mainmenu" title="List of Users" menuid="nav_0">
        <span class="title">Users</span>
        <span class="arrow"/>
    <ul class="sub-menu">
            <a class="mainmenu" title="List of Admins" menuid="nav_0-sub_0">Admins</a>
<li class="">
    <a class="mainmenu" title="List of Contents" menuid="nav_1">
        <span class="title">Contents</span>
<li class="">
    <a class="mainmenu" title="Repos" menuid="nav_2">
        <span class="title">Repository</span>

I have used XPath like this:

.//*[@id='nav']/li[1]/a[contains(@title, 'List of Users'] 

Any other ways to get the element like matching the text value? Because the list elements order is dynamic, so the current position of the element "Users"(li[1]) might get change later.

4 Answers 4


As per given description, it seems that list of users will be maintained in HTML's List Item having common title=List of Users. So you can use something like below code to click on dynamic list items(here, users).

List<WebElement> Userlist = driver.findElements(By.cssSelector("a[title='List of Users']");

for(WebElement ulist : Userlist)
    //Do your action, e.g. click() with each user name.
  • I find it hilarious that the accepted answer shows how to do it with a CSS locator when the OP explicitly asked for an XPath solution and there are valid XPath answers...
    – Ardesco
    Commented Jun 3, 2019 at 9:17

You can try creating xpath with text() like these:

  1. //span[contains(text(),'Users')]
  2. //span[contains(text(),'Contents')]
  • It failed to pick element by using this.
    – jass
    Commented Sep 23, 2015 at 7:08
  • 2
    Pankaj Kumar Katiyar/demouser123 is missing the closing bracket ]. //span[contains(text(),'Users')] //*[contains(text(),'Users')] //span[text()='Users'] //*[text()='Users'] //a[contains(text(),'Admins')] //*[contains(text(),'Admins')] //a[text()='Admins'] //*[text()='Admins'] any of these should work
    – Roskoe
    Commented Sep 17, 2018 at 19:48

To avoid the li[1], just use this XPath. It will still work, even if one of the li elements swap their locations in the html file.

//*[@id='nav']/li/a[contains(@title,'List of Users')]

If you only have one <a> element on the page, you could avoid the li part

//a[contains(@title,'List of Users')]
//*[@id='nav']/li[1]/a[contains(@title, 'List of Users'] 

You missed ) at the last ], it should be like below:

//*[@id='nav']/li[1]/a[contains(@title, 'List of Users')] 

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