Which sentence is correct.

Defects have been fixed and tested by QA. No issues found furthermore. So, what should QA has to write?

Defect XXX has been verified. No issues found.
Defect XXX has been validated. No issues found

  • OK. Let us consider I have tested functionality against defect XXX. Then? – Muhammad Ali Khamis Oct 29 '15 at 12:17
  • Verification: Verifying process includes checking documents, design, code and program. Validation: It is a dynamic mechanism of testing and validating the actual product. According to definitions, I thinks correct sentence is bugs have been validated. No further issues found. But most people says, bugs have been verified. Any senior can help me? – Muhammad Ali Khamis Oct 29 '15 at 12:26

Verification answers the question: "Are we building the product right?" Does it conform to its specification?

Validation answers the question: "Are we building the right product?" Is it doing what the user really needs/wants?

To answer the question, it depends on the nature of the defect.

If you confirm the fixes for defect now allow the product to function as intended, you have verified the fixes.

If you confirm the fixes for the defect change the behavior to fulfill the intended usage, you have validated the fixes.



Adj. 1. verified - proved to be true; "a verified claim"

I think validated means the same, both are used for confirmations.

In this case the sentence should be:

Defect XXX fixes have been verified.

Since its not the defect that is verified, that would mean it was reproduced, but you want to say it was resolved correctly.

Personally I would just set a company standard, it doesn't really matter what the terminology is, as-long everyone in your company understands what it means.

Maybe its better to ask on https://english.stackexchange.com/

  • 3
    "Doesn't matter as long as everyone understands." Right. And if someone uses a term and you aren't sure what they mean, ask them what they mean. That works a lot better than asking a bunch of strangers on SQA. – user246 Oct 29 '15 at 12:57
  • 1
    If your questions is about proper use of English: Instead of asking people here for many of which English is second language, and your English is second language too, ask on ELL (English Language Learners) exchange. – Peter M. - stands for Monica Oct 29 '15 at 15:18
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    Good answer. I would write it as "The fixes for Defect XXX have been verified." – Joe Strazzere Oct 29 '15 at 16:18

Generally in cases where a defect has been tested and is found to be fixed , it is termed as Defect has been VALIDATED.


In general QA verifies an validates features and not defects so both the sentences could be misleading for your colleagues and the management. Why don't you simply write "Defect XXX has been resolved."?


First of all QA dosen't (or rather can't) do antyhing on its on. Read the first sentence carefully, I've written "its" and not his or her. Any guesses why?

Well QA (I'm assuming you mean Quality Assurance) is a process. Process doesn't do anything. Someone implements the process to get something done. You might want to Google it to learn more about the process.

And now to the question, I prefer to write "Issue has been resolved by " and then close the bug. This works well with my project team/stakeholders. What others write is totally upto them and their team's mutual understanding.

Happy Testing :)


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