Scenario: 1.Login to a website using script and navigate to the Home page. 2. On the home page, click a link and navigate to a new page. 3. Then navigate back to the home page using the top navigation bar Home link.

I am using the POM ( Page object model) where all my locators are defined in one python module.

The following is my directory structure 1. Properties.py ( This is where I specify all the login credentials, web driver and base url).

  1. Envsetup.py( This has setup and tear down methods)

  2. Locators.py ( This contains the locators for each page under a Locator class)

  3. Page objects( Under this directory I have HomePage.py for the home page that has methods under the Homepage class, each of these methods returns a specific web element locator using the Locator class)

  4. test scripts( test_homepage.py), this is where I am extending my Envsetup class to run the tests.

When I try to navigate back to my Home page, I get a stale elementrefernce exception error.


class Home(EnvSetup):
    def test_HomePage(self):
        browser = self.browser
        homepage = Home(browser)
        assert browser.title
        print('Running tests on ' + browser.title)
        if homepage.view_all_users().is_displayed(): # This method is defined in the Hompage module
            raise NoSuchElementException

        #browser.find_element_by_xpath('//*[@id="home"]').click() -----------> This works fine, takes me back to the Home page

    if homepage.nav_to_home().is_displayed(): ----------> I get a StaleElementException error

 In the following case, I get 

webDriverWait(browser, 20).until(EC.presence_of_element_located(By.XPATH, homepage.nav_to_home()))
TypeError: __init__() takes 2 positional arguments but 3 were given

            WebDriverWait(browser, 20).until(EC.presence_of_element_located(By.XPATH, homepage.nav_to_home()))
        except StaleElementReferenceException as e:
            raise e


if __name__ == '__main__':


from Tests.Pageobjects.Locators import Locator
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
class Home(object):

    def __init__(self, browser):
        self.browser = browser
        self.logo = browser.find_element(By.XPATH, Locator.logo)
        self.nav_Home = browser.find_element(By.XPATH, Locator.nav_Home)

    def get_logo(self):
        return self.logo

    def nav_to_home(self):
        return self.nav_Home
  • I need to create a try except block or a for loop to avoid this exception?
    – Dev Bin
    Oct 4 '18 at 16:07

Fixed the Stale element exception with used WebDriverwait in my Page object. Added WebDriverwait(self.browser, 100).until(lambda browser: self.browser.find_element(By.XPATH, Locator.nav_Home) to my methods that return the locators in the page object.


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