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I'm working on my first Selenium/Webdriver tests, and I have a rather basic question. I was thinking of adding a login helper method, since it's going to be a rather basic feature of every test. I created it, and have a question-how often do you have to check for the existence of an element?

public static bool Login(ChromeDriver driver)
{
    driver.Url = "http://testing-site.com/";
    IWebElement userbox = driver.FindElementById("UserName");
    IWebElement passbox = driver.FindElementById("Password");

    IWebElement submitBtn = driver.FindElementById("submit-login-btn");
    userbox.SendKeys("testuser");
    passbox.SendKeys("testpassword");
    submitBtn.Click();

}

I see a lot of links like https://thefriendlytester.co.uk/2014/01/checking-if-element-is-present-with.html about creating helper methods to check for the existence of elements. Should I call that every time I access an element of the DOM? Or can I just wrap stuff in a try/catch block and not worry about it? Should I use those helper methods to test for the existence of an element instead of try/catch blocks?

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What I found is a SO question where it's stated that

that C# will look for the Element immediately and when it is not found will crash with a "No Such Element" exception

So when you encounter these exception you should check if the element is really where you think it is and wait for it if needed. Catching these kind of exceptions is usually not recommended.

Also take a look at the page object model using webelements in different places

0

If I'm understanding your question you want to check if the element is visible.

Page object model - create a base page with a reusable method eg wait for wrapper method. This will check for the visibility of an element using visibilityOfAllElementsLocatedBy

This can then be used in your other methods as a check before continuing. Java example below

public class BasePage {
public WebDriver driver;
public WebDriverWait wait;

//Constructor
public BasePage (WebDriver driver){
    this.driver = driver;
    wait = new WebDriverWait(driver,15);
}

//Wait Wrapper Method
public void waitVisibility(By elementBy) {
    wait.until(ExpectedConditions.visibilityOfAllElementsLocatedBy(elementBy));
}

//Click Method
public void click (By elementBy) {
    waitVisibility(elementBy);
    driver.findElement(elementBy).click();
}

//Write Text
public void writeText (By elementBy, String text) {
    waitVisibility(elementBy);
    driver.findElement(elementBy).sendKeys(text);
}

//Read Text
public String readText (By elementBy) {
    waitVisibility(elementBy);
    return driver.findElement(elementBy).getText();
}

//Assert
public void assertEquals (By elementBy, String expectedText) {
    waitVisibility(elementBy);
    Assert.assertEquals(readText(elementBy), expectedText);

}

`

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