So in most cases try in the following order:
getText() if it doesn't work use getAttribute('textContent') if that too doesn't work use getAttribute('value')
getAttribute('value') works only if there is an attribute called value in your element (like id, name etc)
So in most cases, if getText doesn't work use .getAttribute('textContent')
element(by.css("span[aria-label='Picker ID, TESTUSER']")).getAttribute('textContent')
Because getText or text() actually uses innerText ,and will not detect text from hidden elements .
Don't get confused by the differences between Node.textContent and
HTMLElement.innerText. Although the names seem similar, there are
textContent gets the content of all elements, including and
elements. In contrast, innerText only shows “human-readable” elements.
textContent returns every element in the node. In contrast, innerText
is aware of styling and won’t return the text of “hidden” elements.
Moreover, since innerText takes CSS styles into account, reading the
value of innerText triggers a reflow to ensure up-to-date computed
styles. (Reflows can be computationally expensive, and thus should be
avoided when possible.)
Unlike textContent, altering innerText in Internet Explorer (version
11 and below) removes child nodes from the element and permanently
destroys all descendant text nodes. It is impossible to insert the
nodes again into any other element or the same element after