Skip to main content
7 votes
Accepted

@And annotation in Cucumber

From The Cucumber Book: Cucumber doesn’t actually care which of these keywords you use; the choice is simply there to help you create the most readable scenario. Some people find Given, When, Then, ...
John Wantulok's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

Maintenance of cucumber features by non-technical people

Is it too much to ask the non-technical staff to get familiar with the basics of your repo management tools? This would have a few benefits: They could keep things simple by using branch, checkout, ...
DtotheK's user avatar
  • 618
6 votes

What is the difference between Given, When and Then annotations in Cucumber?

The problem Cucumber addresses is communication not architecture. These keywords are just syntactical sugar, for the business user's understanding and readability. Technically there is no difference. ...
Vishal Aggarwal's user avatar
6 votes

Cucumber sending string list as parameter

The only way to get a List from the Gherkin input is to use datatables. To use this approach in your example you would have to re-implement the Then step, like this: ... Then following keywords are ...
Moro's user avatar
  • 1,052
6 votes
Accepted

Is the Page Object Pattern the ideal approach for browser automation for a website with a frontend that has nested frames?

Yes, Page Objects seem the right direction to encapsulate the frame in frames details from the test. Page objects are a classic example of encapsulation - they hide the details of the UI ...
Niels van Reijmersdal's user avatar
5 votes

driver.quit() and driver.close() methods are not working inside @AfterTest method

@BeforeTest, @AfterTest annotations are not supported since Cucumber doesn't has the concept of test. It has features and you are executing the steps in Given, When & And, Then format. So in your ...
Bharat Mane's user avatar
  • 6,775
5 votes

Is the Page Object Pattern the ideal approach for browser automation for a website with a frontend that has nested frames?

The first rule of test automation is that there are no hard rules but just recommendations, so don't take the page object model "literally". The concept of page object was there long before the pages ...
PDHide's user avatar
  • 11.1k
4 votes

What is the purpose of splitting a cucumber Step Definition file

Same reason why you would split large modules in your regular code base: maintainability & navigability. Over time as your step definitions grow you will have steps that are closely related to ...
jpjwolli's user avatar
  • 487
4 votes
Accepted

Correct Strategy for Element to be not present in DOM

After a long hard fought battle, I was able to overcome this using opposite of what K-8 had suggested. Instead of checking if an element is visible on the viewport, I checked the negative of that, ...
demouser123's user avatar
  • 3,532
4 votes

What are the pros & cons of BDD testing?

I think the pros of BDD are captured in a very good way by a user djojo in his answer - in this SO post - all credits to him I totally agree the communication is one of the biggest advantage however ...
demouser123's user avatar
  • 3,532
4 votes

What are the pros & cons of BDD testing?

In theory BDD sounds great. In practice, product owners and developers rarely continue to use BDD past the initial 3-6 months. At pretty much every company I have worked at, BDD inevitably became an ...
newsn31's user avatar
  • 609
4 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between Given, When and Then annotations in Cucumber?

It seems that your question was misunderstood several times and not even your comments fixed this situation. I think at least I got your question right - at least I find it quite clear: It's not about ...
yaccob's user avatar
  • 163
4 votes

Actual Steps in Step Definition or Call Test Cases in Step Definition, What's the Best Practice?

I personally divide the logic into three levels: feature file (Cucumber), step definition (Cucumber + Java), page objects (Selenium and Java). Cucumber separates business logic from the ...
Mate Mrše's user avatar
  • 4,119
4 votes

Actual Steps in Step Definition or Call Test Cases in Step Definition, What's the Best Practice?

Katalon has an example project on github: https://github.com/katalon-studio-samples/katalon-bdd-cucumber-tests Although I find the directory structure hard to navigate the feature example does follow ...
Niels van Reijmersdal's user avatar
4 votes

How to send API request json body in cucumber

Hi you can use multiline argument (docstring) for this: https://cucumber.io/docs/gherkin/reference/#doc-strings https://github.com/intuit/karate/blob/master/README.md#multi-line-expressions Your ...
PDHide's user avatar
  • 11.1k
4 votes

Is it good practice to skip the When clause in Gherkin/Cucumber/SpecFlow?

It depends The point of the Given/When/Then pattern is that it describes test preconditions (Given), actions (When), and expected results (Then) - very similar to the unit test arrange/act/assert ...
Kate Paulk's user avatar
  • 31.5k
4 votes

WARNING: Passing multiple tags through @CucumberOptions is deprecated. Please use a single tag expressions?

In Cucumber 5.7.0 the support of tags is handled in different way so that expression(infix boolean expression) can also be used in the same way. You can pass the multiple tags like @CucumberOptions(...
Rakesh Kumar's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Who provided BDD scenarios to be automated?

This depends who you let write them. It is not like there is a rule whom should write them. At least the "Feature:" part of the BDD should be written by a business person as user-story format is from ...
Niels van Reijmersdal's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Importance of cucumber BDD tool

The importance of any Behavior-driven development framework, methodology or tool is to communicate. Cucumber is primarily a tool to communicate requirements between the business people and the ...
Niels van Reijmersdal's user avatar
3 votes

What experience do you have with the idea "QA designs, Developer develops"

QA certainly does not design anything but some tests. Design of a feature is responsibility of people who have substantially deeper knowledge about the inner workings of the system, like system ...
Peter M. - stands for Monica's user avatar
3 votes

Running a Cucumber scenario multiple times as long as a new Test Data set is present in excel

Cucumber has Scenario Outline with Examples to 'loop' over the same Scenario with different test cases. You can use it like this: Scenario Outline: eating Given there are cucumbers When I eat ...
Marit's user avatar
  • 33
3 votes

How can I reset my test data when a UI-test fails with Cucumber-JVM

You can achieve it using cucumber-jvm hooks. If a hook receives a Scenario as a parameter, you can know if it has failed or not. Example: @After public void afterFailedScenario(Scenario scenario) { ...
Niels van Reijmersdal's user avatar
3 votes

CucumberTests java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Not a file or directory

Try adding only Feature folder name in "features" instead of the full folder path. EX: @RunWith(Cucumber.class) @CucumberOptions( format = {"pretty", "html:target/Destination"}, ...
Bharat Mane's user avatar
  • 6,775
3 votes

Can we use java to design specflows?

Use cucumber. Specflow is a part of cucumber family that is developed for .Net world. So if you do not need .Net but need Java, just use the solution that was originally intended for Java
Alexey R.'s user avatar
  • 11.6k
3 votes

How to reuse existing browser session, instead of opening new windows?

You need to rework your utils.getDriver to make it producing a Singleton. You also should not invoke quit() method since it "destroys" the webdriver.
Alexey R.'s user avatar
  • 11.6k
3 votes

How can I pass parameter in xpath?

As far as I can see you use Page Object way. This means you cannot parameterize the xpath for the element (parameters of annotations cannot be changed in runtime in Java). I would suggest you ...
Alexey R.'s user avatar
  • 11.6k
3 votes

Using same table for When and Then in gherkin scenario

You can use Scenario Outlines. Scenario Outline: Insert and Verify data blah blah Given I insert <code>, <name> and <Price> into database Then I can verify that <code>,<...
Sandeep Chandra Sekhar's user avatar
3 votes

Unit Testing and Integration Testing with Robot and Cucumber

DL;DR: It's possible, but you shouldn't. All the tools you've mentioned are essentially test runners, meaning they execute a DSL focused on test code in someway. JUnit and GoogleTest execute methods ...
João Farias's user avatar
  • 10.9k
3 votes

Any advantage to using particular language from Cucumber? BDD enquiry?

Python, Ruby, Java all are very suitable for BDD. For Java + Cucumber you get a lot of support in my experience. Also, you have nice plugins like CucumberReporting I think Python should be good too. ...
Sameer Wakude's user avatar
3 votes

Code coverage for Selenium Tests

Finally, this solution works for me -- Instrument the Istanbul.js. Use Command - istanbul instrument test.js >> test-instumented.js Now, use the below code in @AfterClass annotation. It will execute ...
Updesh Kumar's user avatar

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible