Static Testing usually refers to testing a product that is exactly or nearly exactly the same from version to version and does not have dynamic content that changes

Static Testing is a type of a Software Testing method which is performed to check the defects in software without actually executing the code of the software application. Whereas in Dynamic Testing checks the code is executed to detect the defects.

Static testing is performed in early stage of development to avoid errors as it is easier to find sources of failures and it can be fixed easily. The errors that can’t not be found using Dynamic Testing, can be easily found by Static Testing.