driver.close() and driver.quit() are two different methods for closing the browser session in Selenium WebDriver.
driver.close() - It closes the the browser window on which the focus is set.
driver.quit() – It basically calls driver.dispose method which in turn closes all the browser windows and ends the WebDriver session gracefully.
You should use ...
One of the nicest directories is official FTP.
organized per OS/arch
organized per version (including Beta, Aurora and Nightly builds)
organized per language
However, the FTP directory doesn't have as many mirrors as the official Releases server. Therefore, the FTP directory is great, but if you're going to be downloading many of the release ...
Selenium solves a large part of cross browser testing. 90% I would say. Selenium is good for web testing across browsers. For UI related stuff adhoc manual checks are sufficient. I used to do manual checks to verify look and feel of UI (Text Sizes appearing small in a browser, Alignment Issues)
Functional UI testing in selenium across browsers verifies Id's ...
This is how I would debug a Selenium session to find out what is happening:
Step-by-step debugging: Most IDE's allow you todo step-by-step debugging, you could set a break point just before the point you want to investigate. This will pause the execution of the test and lets you examine the browser with its own tools. You can step thru each line of code one ...
This Stack Overflow thread suggests that there are differences and the modes are not totally accurate.
Depends on your definition of risk and how accurate the results have to be for you and your stakeholders
Test code cycles much faster than production code, and it's not uncommon for there to be major changes to how an application works during the early stages of its development.
Clearing the cache ensures (mostly - server-side caching can cause problems) that the tester is looking at the code they think they're looking at.
I typically don't clear cache ...
Automated, parallelized, cross-browser testing is a seductive idea, but in my experience, the cost may not justify the benefit. I do not know whether your customer requests are based on actual experience or the advice of a trusted professional or the unfounded claims of someone in an elevator.
You may spend a lot of time maintaining your cross-browser ...
Selenium is mostly a functional testing tool. So any issue that you find using selenium will be across all the browsers
No, that's not actually the case. Some functionality can be broken in some browsers while working in others.
For example, for one of the apps I test, I've seen significant functionality issues going from IE 6 to IE 7 to IE 8.
Headless Chrome is not stable yet in comparison to "full" Chrome.
In my opinion there will always be problems with headless vs phantomjs (and others) vs full versions. And so there will always be place for phantomjs (and others) in the world of automated testing.
Consider your choice wisely.
Few possible limitations of Headless Chrome:
Headless mode is ...
I know of no "Industry Standard".
And whenever I hear this sort of question, I always think "What industry do you mean?" The testing industry? The software industry? The website industry? The industry that offers an application identical to yours?
For your particular website, what kind of zooming do your users do? That's where you should be concentrating ...
Let’s consider the following situation:
In this case, some ...
The JSON Wire Protocol is on it's way to becoming accepted as a W3C standard. This means that moving forward, the vendors behind browsers will have much more incentive to implement and maintain implementations for their browsers. Some vendors such as Mozilla and Microsoft have already taken over maintenance of the drivers used by Firefox and Edge. I heard ...
This is an incorrect assumption. A webpage loads as follows in generic terms:
Server content is received by the browser.
Rendering begins starting with objects and then styles from a layout as in all at once and if you slowed it down you would see a pixelated progression as it took shape starting with the content areas and then the objects and then the ...
The only sure way is to use virtual machines.
Things like IE tester emulate older versions of IE, but they a locked into using the current set of DLL's loaded into windows. You will see errors in the native version of the browser that you do not see in IETester (and things like it).
I know this to be a fact because I have previously used IE tester to ...
I believe most computer users in the general population do not install any plugins at all -- especially if you consider mobile users. Personally, I would not do any plugin compatibility testing without explicit evidence of a conflict.
By the way, this recommends a way to prevent the Skype plugin from breaking your page layout.
The short answer is that each browser implements the industry standards based on the implementation team's understanding of those standards.
There are several different base engines that are used by different browsers, including but not limited to WebKit, Gecko, Trident, and Blink. That accounts for the majority of differences in behavior between different ...
I found this site that offers a sample of user agents in csv format:
Actual download link:
The format is:
Yes, Pages should be tested at zoom level. Because its come under the quality of project. Website quality should not be compromise at any level. User can think in any way. So if on zooming Web pages alignment disturb then its come under bad quality site. We should focus on every point for good quality.
Sadly, years of playing with emulators of one form or another has taught me a very simple lesson:
There is no substitute for testing your software on it's target
No matter how good a simulator or emulator you are running, there will be enough situations that the sim/em-ulator doesn't cover 100% accurately that you are leaving potential problems
I've also ...
I edit the firefox profile to disable native events. Also maximize window and it works fine
FirefoxProfile p = new FirefoxProfile();
WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver(p);
In Python, using selenium webdriver for Chrome, I needed to call stop_client() before close():
from selenium import webdriver
options = webdriver.chrome.options.Options()
options.add_argument("--disable-extensions") # optional and off-topic, but it conveniently prevents the popup 'Disable developer mode extensions'
self.driver = webdriver....
Chrome JS Profiler
Firefox JS Profiler
A good code profiler (JS or not) will tell you who started what function call (stack trace or call tree), how long the particular function was running and ...
Managing multiple browser setups on a single machine sounds like a nightmare.
Also I wonder how many browsers you really need to support, have a look at Browser market share per version.
I think services like:
Are better suited for your browser ...
Thanks for your attention to this post. I finally found the problem when one of my colleague suggested to use VNC to see what's actually going on the linux machine.
For debugging, we need to install "x11vnc" package on the system where tests is being run and then connect to the system using VNC Viewer on a Remote Host.
On target system, run "x11vnc -...
//you can do something here
You can select from either an loading, interactive or complete states. This returns a loading state while the document is loading. If you only want ...
I am using headless chrome in version 65 in protractor test execution and I find it pretty stable for a suite of 500+ tests and even for the failed tests screenshots captured are of decent quality and useful.